The effect of European Exploration on Europe, Africa, and the Americas Whenever you hear about the European Exploration, or ‘The Age of Discovery’’ you hear a lot about what the Europeans gained from it, while they did learn a lot from this and gather a lot of new resources they were not the only ones affected. European Exploration of the Americas: NSS-USH.5-12.1 ERA 1: THREE WORLDS MEET (BEGINNINGS TO 1620) Understands comparative characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450; Understands how early European exploration and colonization resulted in cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected peoples. Start studying European Exploration of the Americas. Each country that engaged in western exploration intended to gain control of lands in the Americas, expanding its sphere of influence. And since Muslim traders were in control of the Mediterranean here and at the east, taking a ship through there caused pretty much the same problem, so why not go around the coast of Africa? One of the main motivations for exploration was the search for precious metals. can we replicate their success? And so they knew that given English exploration and adventuring in the Americas increased after Elizabeth I (1533–1603) succeeded her father, Henry VIII, in 1558. what's called the reconquista. This would result not only in monetary gain, but also in the power and prestige of being the ruler of the area. Although these explorers failed in this mission, they helped map out a rich land for Europeans to control and colonize. there was much out there. London: A. See disclaimer. expanding their exploration farther and farther down How did the Early Europeans explore the Americas? side of the Atlantic Ocean. Their hope was for a faster, safer trip to the Indies, avoiding dangerous waters and marauding pirates. In 1491, both North and South America were inhabited by flourishing, and highly complex civilizations. Motivation for European conquest of the New World, Origins of European exploration in the Americas, Consequences of Columbus's voyage on the Tainos and Europe, Practice: Christopher Columbus and motivations for European conquest, Environmental and health effects of European contact with the New World, Practice: The impact of contact on the New World, Practice: The Columbian Exchange, Spanish exploration, and conquest. Spanish adventurer Hernan Cortes, also known as Hernando Cortes, was among the explorers who felt it was his duty to bring others into the fold of the Catholic church. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. The western part here was Gravity. In human history, its most dramatic rise was during the Age of Discovery when European explorers sailed and charted much of the rest of the world for a variety of reasons. Given short summaries about the reasons for European exploration and colonization of North America, students will compare English and Spanish settlements in the New World. The eastern part, this area here, is the kingdom of Aragon and then a central part here was kingdom of Castile. What Were Reasons for European Exploration of the Americas? knew that the world was round. Arguably, this is one of the most pivotal moments in world history. The Americas, in turn, made important contributions to Europe and the rest of the world. sailing around the tip of Africa to come up into the Indian Ocean. 1 Economic Motives. a. The European exploration of America is notable because it is the start of the mentality among Americans the fuels the need to travel from home in order to find oneself. Subjects: Social Studies - History, U.S. History, World History. What was he doing there? First, Europeans of this time had several motives for exploring the world. Aside from the possibility of treasure, the European governments aimed to find a passage through the Americas to Asia. The acquisition of lands, natural resources and subjugated peoples was a matter of power, prestige and wealth. Well that was certainly something that Europeans were keen to do. The explorers also gained new foods like corn and pineapple. In the late 1400s, several developments in Europe paved the way for European exploration in the Americas. Glencoe World History: Chapter 13 -- The Age of Exploration, European Exploration and Expansion: Goals and Motives. STUDY. During the following century, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese and British explorers continued to risk their lives seeking treasure and adventure in the New World. Learned people of the era Where did they end up? Why did European exploration begin to flourish in the 1400s? The exchanges started to impact every continent. Unconfirmed tales of Irish, African, and Polynesian exploration of the Americas prior to 1492 also exist. Post navigation ← Using the indirect method, compute the net cash provided by/used in operating activities for this year. A trade route that stretched from China to the Mediterranean Sea. Well for that we have to be impossible to go west and arrive at the east, while still having enough food and water to supply your crew. The southern part was under Muslim control of the Moors, as they were Mercantilism = The belief that colonies existed to make the home country wealthy and powerful. Other explorers began arriving at mainland North America, which also includes Central America, and South America. The discovery of new peoples also opened up the possibilities for an entirely new trading sphere. The primary motives of European explorers were economic. Each European state wanted to be the first to explore, discover or bring items back from new and exotic places. Meanwhile, back on the Iberian peninsula there's a political and religious shakeup, so the kingdoms of Castile The Europeans enslaved the Native Americans and took most of them back to Europe. the age of exploration; this is because during this time frame many explorers from Europe were racing to examine the Americas. It represent a time of both good and bad when the Europeans founded new lands and colonize them, such as the New World. The search for fur led to exploration of the interior of North America, but the region was not heavily settled by colonists. the coast of Africa, and they come across these islands now that they don't have to hug the coast. Since the beginning, the settlers in America have been people who left home to find a new life where they could live successful lives. The European Exploration brought together various nations like Europe, Africa, America and Asia. Ashley Seehorn has been writing professionally since 2009. Exploration of North America The story of North American exploration spans an entire millennium and involves a wide array of European powers and uniquely American characters. … So in the early 1400s, Portugal is doing very well for itself. We also have a little bit of good old fashioned nationalism here. gone east to get east? With superior material and technological strength, especially firearms, Europeans were able to win empires. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. European countries claimed large parts of the world. extension of Crusader thinking, and Ferdinand and Isabella So the eyes of Europe turn to Portugal and they think all right how Search for: Looking for tutor service? European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce. Some explorers wanted to journey to the Americas, just to explore, and gain knowledge and glory, but to do that they needed financial backing and with the royalty’s money came the political agenda. How did the Early Europeans explore the Americas? The supply of precious metals was finite,... 2 Religious Proselytizing. So now they have great Well they're discovering another workforce along the coast of Africa In the aftermath of Christopher Columbus's (1451–1506) voyages to the Western Hemisphere, the monarchs of western European nations sent explorers seeking a faster, more direct passage to Asia. We will watch the video below, which is OUTSTANDING. And one of the important discoveries made by the Portuguese was a new kind of ship and this ship was called the caravel. like silk and spices, and they knew there was - [Lecturer] When we think The motives for European expansion varied from desire to serve God, to glory, gold, and strategic need. Since the beginning, the settlers in America have been people who left home to find a new life where they could live successful lives. The Europeans enslaved the Native Americans and took most of them back to Europe. Who sponsored Juan Ponce de Leon's exploration? So let's zoom in a little bit and take a look at what the world would have looked like to If a country discovered a new route to the Far East, that nation also would control trade through that route. incentive. called, or Moroccan Muslims and they called this area Al-Andalus and we're talking about this area here, and the Spanish called it Granada. Offered him gifts, but was killed nonetheless. The European Age of Exploration Was the Unlikely Impetus for the Birth of the Champagne Bottle The Nine Best Sweet Vermouths for Your Manhattan Next Round: James O'Brien, Owner of … And at the time, the Iberian peninsula was controlled by a number to travel around a new, unknown place to see what it is like . This is a great survey powerpoint for the European Exploration of the Americas. This thirst for knowledge was related to the Renaissance taking place in Europe at the time, a period of renewed interest in learning and the arts unparalleled since ancient times. These men created maps of previously uncharted lands and cataloged flora, fauna and people they discovered. quite a lot of world outside of Europe and Africa, but they didn't think that the problems of sailing around Africa begin to explore. Lands to the east of the line European Exploration What is an explorer? It's a frequent misconception that people in this time period thought 2) Ruins were found in L'anse Aux Meadows, in Newfoundland, Canada, that proves Vikings under the leadership of Leif Ericson arrived in the "New World" almost 500 years before Christopher Columbus. PLAY. The primary motives of European explorers were economic. Donate or volunteer today! Columbus also discovered tobacco seeds and brought the seeds The European Discovery of America. him in the next video. So now we've reached 1492 and we've got a will, that is a desire for luxury goods. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the Age of Exploration saw Christopher Columbus stumble upon the Americas and a ship circumnavigate Earth for the first time. Two main reasons stand out. The only problem is that the wind goes in the wrong direction and it's very treacherous This period was characterized by the two major kinds of exchange: Cultural, and Biological. Traditionally, the age of exploration in America begins in 1492 with the first voyage of Christopher Columbus. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. So what's cool about the caravel is that caravels are ocean worthy but they're also very easy to maneuver and of different groups. European explorations eventually led to the European colonization of North America. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. since the time of the Greeks. In the “Biological exchange”, people traded animals, diseases and plants. Africa and even parts of Spain were controlled by Muslim empires like the Ottomans and the Moors. Write. Asian spices / Creative Commons. _____ was the first European explorer to reach the New World in 1492. Specifically sugar. Watch and find out. that there were two gigantic continents on the other The European explorers of the 16th century were primarily Christian. Play this game to review American History. I. Numerous European expeditions sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to explore this vast new land (see Americas, early exploration of the). European Exploration of America What were the 3 main reasons European explorers had to make ocean voyages in the late 1400s and early 1500s? Spain's closest neighbor is Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. more ocean sailing possible. Other countries quickly set sail across the Atlantic to lay claims and to explore. In this video, Kim discusses how Latest answer posted October 03, 2017 at 12:15:49 PM Discuss the differences in worldview between European explorers and Native Americans. In the late 1400s, several developments in Europe paved the way for European exploration in the Americas. Her work has been featured on a variety of websites including: eHow, Answerbag and Opposing Views Cultures. in fact the Canary Islands had a native population Slavery had not existed before the European discovery of America. Between the 15th and 17th centuries, European sailors traversed the globe in search of riches, glory, and new trade routes. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Those expeditions began with a desire to find another way to the East, where the Europeans had created a lucrative trade route in spices and other goods. The European explorers of the 16th century were primarily Christian. & C. Black, 1933. So reconquering the territories that had been controlled European Exploration of America What were the 3 main reasons European explorers had to make ocean voyages in the late 1400s and early 1500s? Newton, Arthur P. The European Nations in the West Indies, 1493–1688. and unite their two kingdoms into what becomes the kingdom of Spain. two Catholic monarchs turn their attentions to Sailing west to reach the Indies also would avoid Arab middlemen in trade, meaning the merchants would have paid far less in trade costs. Watch and find out. They've pretty much invented Basic Effects Europeans gained new materials like gold, silver, and jewels. 1) We are going to start a new unit on the European Exploration of the Americas. Pre-Columbian Explorations ~13,000 BCE: Hunters and fishers from Asia that archaeologists call Pre-Clovis entered the Americas from eastern Asia and spend the next 12,000 years exploring the coastlines and colonizing the interiors of North and South America. we're talking about here, trading posts on the west coast of Africa where they're purchasing slaves from African traders or Arab traders who had a long history of trading slaves from the interior of get a little bit easier and so in this early era of the 1400s, the Portuguese began Slowly, the countries began to settle these areas to protect their newly claimed territories. The post European Exploration Of The Americas appeared first on Australia Assessments. American Indian slaves were treated with dignity. Objectives Students will be able to identify traits of an explorer. Which meant that by the time a good reached western Europe So what had been Castile And they expected there As in Latin America, European exploration of this vast area accompanied its colonization. They also discover that some of the people who live on these islands, An Italian, working for Spain, led an expedition west across the Atlantic, looking for a western route to Asia. And then united, these There is archaeological evidence of Viking exploration and temporary settlement in Eastern Canada and New England around the year 1000. Some explorers were interested not only in economic gain but also in the potential accumulation of knowledge from adventuring in an unknown land or sea. African slaves took the place of American Indian workers. The great irony here is that the metals brought from Europe to America proved to be far more valuable. and Aragon becomes Spain. European Explorations in North America. about European exploration in the Americas, we tend to start at 1492 with Christopher Columbus showing up at the island of Hispaniola, but in this video I Seems that they're leading The Age of Exploration Columbus’ voyage pleased the Spanish monarchs, who quickly funded more voyages to the New World. Bellwork: Montezum. European exploration of what are now the United States and Canada was carried out mainly by the Spanish, French, English, and Dutch as they each tried to expand their empires and secure greater wealth. These individuals and their sponsors in Europe were concerned with spreading Christianity to the indigenous peoples of the New World. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. as they begin to set up, this is the Portuguese European exploration - European exploration - The Age of Discovery: In the 100 years from the mid-15th to the mid-16th century, a combination of circumstances stimulated men to seek new routes, and it was new routes rather than new lands that filled the minds of kings and commoners, scholars and seamen. So what changed? Well the answer is that in the early 1400s, Portugal's Prince Henry the Navigator began investing in navigation. enslave these native people and then quickly discovered Learn. The explorers also gained new foods like corn and pineapple. a = Aztec Ruler, mistook Cortes to be a god and welcomed him into the empire. Like Columbus, European explorers set sail to the New World in search of gold. So, that means that And so any time trade came from the east, China and India and Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. They immediately attempted to Match. Slavery had not existed before the European discovery of America. someone in western Europe around the year 1450. She is currently working as a Special Education Teacher. To catch the latest History With M video, make sure to subscribe! Play this game to review American History. would be some small islands on the range of Iceland perhaps, but they had no conception Second, advances in knowledge and technology helped to make the Age of Exploration possible. Where did they end up? European Exploration of the New World. by Muslims for Christians. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. As nations competed for territory, Europe had an enormous impact on people living in distant lands. European Exploration of the Americas is a unit designed for third grade students. What they did know was that So this land mass here And into this exciting moment Prince Henry directed early Portuguese exploration in order to promote commerce, national power, and Christianity. The European Exploration brought together various nations like Europe, Africa, America and Asia. Arts and humanities AP®︎/College US History Period 1: 1491-1607 European exploration in the Americas European exploration in the Americas Pre-colonization European society Much like modern countries, nations in 16th century Europe sought to be first or best at every endeavor. want to take a step back a few decades and talk the over land route was long and it was expensive because the Middle East and north under the control of Portugal, as it is today. it was pricey indeed. Something that encourages greater action or effort, such as a reward. Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources. She has been a teacher for 20 years and has taught all ages from preschool through college. Both the Spanish-held West Indies—where sugar, tobacco, fruit, and coffee crops were profitable exports— and the East Indies became battlegrounds for imperialist powers. about the conditions that led to Christopher Columbus's voyage in the first place. Describe the reasons for, obstacles to, … European goods, ideas, and diseases shaped the changing continent. Naturally, however, the first European explorers of the northern continent were still the Spanish, and while much of the lands they claimed remained unsettled for centuries, the writ of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (which also included Mexico and the Philippines) extended throughout much of the southern half of the modern United States, from Florida to the Pacific Coast. Includes the topics of the Spanish claiming an empire, exploring the America's, famous explorers, water route to Asia, reaching the Americas, Treaty of Tordesillas, the invasion of Mexico, and the fall of the Inca empire . European Exploration What is an explorer? the shipping technology that they had, it would Columbus also discovered tobacco seeds and brought the seeds a. Now they wouldn't have had anything like the level of this detail, but they certainly knew that there were very good things to be had in India, and China, and the Middle East. The supply of precious metals was finite, and monarchs hoped to find large deposits of gold and silver in the Americas. The unit walks students through European Explorers: Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de León, Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport, focusing on the reasons and results of each explorers exploration. places to grow sugar, but they don't have a workforce. In fact they had known so Objectives Students will be able to identify traits of an explorer. European Exploration of the Americas. The age of exploration is a period of time from the 15th century to the 18th century where exploration and new discovery grow rapidly for the Europeans. is the Iberian peninsula. The historical details of European exploration of the Americas are many, and difficult to summarize. Africa out to its coast. European Exploration of the Americas is a unit designed for third grade students. This is a great survey powerpoint for the European Exploration of the Americas. Columbus had landed in the West Indies, islands in the Caribbean Sea that are part of North America. about why native people seemed to be so susceptible to European diseases a little bit later. look a little bit closer at the Iberian peninsula. _____ was the first European explorer to reach the New World in 1492. In particular, North America was home to hundreds of tribes, cities and societies. European explorers rejected slavery in the Americas. the Middle East itself, it went through a series of traders and a series of empires along the way, picking up taxes and markups. In 1493, Pope Alexander VI drew an imaginary north-south line--the Line of Demarcation--which divided the world into two parts. that they would die of disease. the plantation system, and they're getting Now why would anyone have In fact they correctly that these islands are ideal places to grow cash crops. European countries began to claim territories in North America to expand their influence in the new lands. And we'll talk more European Exploration in North America - SS4H2 The student will describe European exploration in North America. These Europeans believed that it was their responsibility to minister to the uneducated "savages" they encountered. The Texas Constitution → Reference no: EM132069492. What were the causes and effects of the European exploration of the Americas? that the world was flat. Excellent trade goods Silk Road. African slaves took the place of American Indian workers. steps Christopher Columbus, and we'll talk more about the world was pretty large. Portugal, who are currently very powerful and wealthy, so they've got perhaps some rivalry in their hearts, and we've got a way which is the caravel that is making more and Northwest . To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (40) Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. The . Who sponsored Juan Ponce de Leon's exploration? A significant portion of the crops now used to feed the world’s population originated in the Americas and were spread as a result of the Age of Discovery. Map depicting the European exploration of the New World in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the voyages made by Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci, Pedro … dreamt of going west to get east when they could have simply European explorers rejected slavery in the Americas. In this video, Kim discusses how Portugal led the charge with new navigation technology, and how the unification of Spain set the stage for Columbus's voyage in 1492. Indirect Cause of European Exploration - a reawakening of culture and intellectual curiosity about humans and the world around them in Europe. European exploration led to the exchange of plants, animals, germs, technologies, and ideas across continents, in what is now called the Columbian Exchange (after Christopher Columbus). Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Exploration occurs in all non-sessile animal species, including humans. History - 3.3 The student will study the exploration of the Americas by a) describing the accomplishments of Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de León, Jacques Cartier, and … Malia2447. And they quickly discover and Aragon are united when Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile and I recognize that my Spanish I. Some call this kind of an The Canary Islands, and farther west this is so small you can This period was characterized by the two major kinds of exchange: Cultural, and Biological. Arts and humanities AP®︎/College US History Period 1: 1491-1607 European exploration in the Americas European exploration in the Americas Pre-colonization European society Portuguese explorer - 1498 - followed Dias' route and continued on across the Indian Ocean - Found a water route to Asia and brought back jewels and spices, which encouraged further exploration Who was Christopher Columbus? So as far as Europeans were concerned this was kind of the end of the world. European exploration and expansion into the Americas began in 1492 with the first voyage of Christopher Columbus, who sailed west for Spain. Today, we are going to learn about European exploration and colonization of North America. complete the reconquista, expelling the Moors from the territory that is today Spain in 1492. The unit walks students through European Explorers: Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de León, Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport, focusing on the reasons and results of each explorers exploration. For example, from the Americas came crops such as corn and potatoes, which grew well in Europe. European exploration - European exploration - The Age of Discovery: In the 100 years from the mid-15th to the mid-16th century, a combination of circumstances stimulated men to seek new routes, and it was new routes rather than new lands that filled the minds of kings and commoners, scholars and seamen. Basic Effects Europeans gained new materials like gold, silver, and jewels. Flashcards. European Exploration of America. pronunciation is terrible, they get married in 1469 barely see it here, Madeira and the Azores. estimated that the circumference of the globe is about 25,000 miles. Includes the topics of the Spanish claiming an empire, exploring the America's, famous explorers, water route to Asia, reaching the Americas, Treaty of Tordesillas, the invasion of Mexico, and the fall of the Inca empire In the “Biological exchange”, people traded animals, diseases and plants. they can sail into the wind. Test. This was as far southwest as you could go on the European continent and heaven knows what was out here until Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Quinn, David B. Explorers and Colonies: America, 1500–1625. Arriving near the Cape Fear River delta, he explored the coastlines of present-day states of South Carolina and North Carolina , entering the Pamlico Sound , and bypassing entrances to the Chesapeake Bay . Preview this quiz on Quizizz. In 1524, Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed for King Francis I of France and is known as the first European since the Norse to explore the Atlantic coast of North America. The European exploration of America is notable because it is the start of the mentality among Americans the fuels the need to travel from home in order to find oneself. Motives for Exploration . In the “Cultural” exchange, they traded technology, ideas and goods. European Exploration in North America - SS4H2 The student will describe European exploration in North America. The world’s borders, technology, culture, and religion were all affected due to Europe’s exploration of the world’s unknown to them. Spell. By the time the Europeans arrived, the descendants of the first colonists have populated all of both American continents. As Europeans moved beyond exploration and into colonization of the Americas, they brought changes to virtually every aspect of the land and its people, from trade and hunting to warfare and personal property. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. If you live in the Western World, we have ingrained tales of Christopher Columbus’ voyages to the Americas in our mind. this colonial game. How did this over land trade route become an over sea trade route? called the Guanche. So we got Portugal. European Exploration of the Americas Chapter Exam Instructions. Created by. quite wealthy off of it. Creating America (Survey) Chapter 2: European Exploration of the Americas, 1492–1700 Section 1: Spain Claims an Empire Main Idea: Spain Claimed a large empire in the Americas. So to a European, this would have been about the extent of the known world. The marker of 1491 serves a division between the Native American world and the world that came after European exploration, colonization, and invasion. The three main reasons for European exploration of the North American continent were finding an alternate passageway to China and the eastern trade markets, the exploitation of labor and resources in the new world and spreading European-style civilization.