Mohair is often combined with other fibres, either blended in yarns or serving as either the warp or the filling yarn in It feels warm in winter as it has excellent insulating properties, while its moisture-wicking properties allow it to remain cool in summer. Acknowledgement number Urgent pointer Sequence number Checksum 8. Mohair … [10] Mohair is also used in 'climbing skins' for randonnée skiing and ski touring. Acrylic in the modern era and in general is used for a variety of applications that typically take advantage of its natural transparency and the impact resistance of certain variants. Start studying Animal Science 314 - Wool & Mohair Evaluation. Angora With Mohair. I look forward to experimenting with mohair more in the future. Sheep shearing. [5], Mohair is one of the oldest textile fibers in use. The mohair is then used to make various clothing items such as sweatshirts, hats and scarves. It is, on the other hand, one of the softest and most exclusive yarn qualities on the market. In December 2006, the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed 2009 to be the International Year of Natural Fibres, so as to raise the profile of mohair and other natural fibers. 4. Brush in the same direction as the nap of the mohair. [1], In about 1820, raw mohair was first exported from Turkey to England, which then became the leading manufacturer of mohair products. Mohair. Mohair fabrics are extremely flame retardant. Mohair’s sheen is elegant and subtle; it does not have a shiny or glossy finish. Mohair is a wool-like textile fibre produced as a “simple” fleece on Angora Goats. Mohair, the long, smooth fiber used in sweaters, hats, and other fluffy accessories, comes from angora goats (leading many to confuse it with angora wool, which comes from angora rabbits ). With a total herd of over a million Angora goats, Texas produces 90% of U.S. mohair. [15] As of 2002, mohair producers were still able to receive special assistance loans from the U.S. government, after an amendment to eliminate the subsidy was defeated. 1.1 A yarn or fabric made from mohair, typically mixed with wool. The new 3R’s of fabric development. Certainly, while mohair – typically from South Africa, but also sourced from the US and Turkey – offers all sorts of benefits perhaps only expected of the kind of material concocted in a lab, it also has a certain look to it. It’s strong and durable and keeps you warm in the Winter but cool in the Summer making it great for knitting luxury garments all year round. $22.95 $220.00. Spinning: Spinning is used to convert the mohair tops into yarn suitable for knitting or weaving. [12] Despite these subsidies, wool and mohair production declined. This translates into sensuous sheer knits, airy wovens as well as sleek, mohair and silk blended suiting fabrics. Fibers from young goats are softest and are used to manufacture yarn for clothing. He has an "adorable" face with stitched nose and mouth, amber gold eyes, and big rounded ears, has tan felt paw pads. Mohair is suitable for dyeing since it is bright and white. Because of the high shine and luxurious quality, mohair is called ‘diamond fibre’ and often used in special blends for different types of garments. 9. It is a durable, long-lasting fiber. [12] In The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad[14] Fareed Zakaria points out that the subsidies were reinstated a few years later, due in large part to the lobbying on behalf of the special interests of the subsidy recipients. For example, where the classification of wool is known as grading, the word classing is used for mohair. Soft, lustrous, scoured curly locks that are perfect for adding a touch of luxury to any project. Mohair … Kid mohair is mohair that comes from a younger angora goat. Modal is a natural fiber, typically made from beech trees. What Is Kid Mohair? In the twenty-first century, Turkey, Texas, and South Africa provide the majority of mohair … Aug 12, 2020 - Explore Paula's board "Mohair", followed by 439 people on Pinterest. Most of the world’s mohair originates in South Africa and the U.S. (particularly Texas), where angora goats are bred primarily for their soft inner coats, which are generally shorn twice a year, beginning as early as six … A luxurious yarn that combines the softness and luxury of mohair with the sophistication of silk. It's more water-absorbent than cotton and holds on to color better. Because the goats are sheared once a year (different than South Africa), Turkey produces the longest mohair of the world. Reference shows similar Teddy Bears made by Knickerbocker in the 1940s - 1960s. Chiffon silk is a soft and light silk made from a very highly twisted yarn — strong but still very thin used for women's formal dresses. One goat will produce 11 to 17 pounds (5–8 kg) of mohair a year. The flat lock, in contrast, is usually … Mohair yarns offer the same wonderful qualities of wool, while adding an extra dimension of softness and luster to your projects. Shearing is done on a cleanly-swept floor and extra care is taken to keep the hair clean and free of debris. It feels like cashmere and is typically added to other fibers to give a yarn sheen and luster. An emerging market for mohair producers has been China. Lurex is a synthetic fiber that incorporates a glittering metallic thread. South Africa accounts for 60% of total production. Mohair is much more tacky then the yarns I usually weave with, so this was a little hard to get used to, but there is also a huge benefit to it’s velcro-like quality, it stays where you put it. STUDY. However, typically EVOH has a higher comonomer content than the VAC commonly used. It is durable, naturally elastic, flame-resistant and crease-resistant. When many people think of mohair, their minds immediately go to sweaters, scarves and other clothing items that you might typically see made of mohair or other wools. Mohair is a long, smooth fiber used in sweaters, hats, and other fluffy accessories. The woven silk fiber makes soft, flowing nightgowns, underwear and robes. Mohair isn’t typically delivered as a colored yarn, but it does hold dyes well. Add the mohair, let it sit about 15-30 minutes, stir around. A luxurious yarn that combines the softness and luxury of mohair with the sophistication of silk. Mohair is a very soft yarn when compared with other natural and synthetic fibers. Where is Mohair Produced? South African mohair is considered to be the best quality, luster and color and commands a slightly higher price. Due to mohair's lacking prominent, protruding scales along the hair's surface, it is often blended with wool or alpaca. The undercoat is soft, highly-prized, and generally favourable for use in knitwear, but the two are sometimes blended into the same finished yarn (e.g. Mohair fabrics are extremely flame retardant. Congress pushed for using a greater amount of mohair during WWII out of fear that wool supplies would dry up. It also works well for dressier odd trousers. It's a great choice for upholstery too. It's a great choice for upholstery too. Finer, softer hair from younger animals is used (for example) in scarves and shawls; the thicker, coarser hair from older animals is more often used for carpets and in heavy fabrics intended for outerwear. Fibers from mature goats are used to produce such things as rugs and carpets. Mohair is also desirable due to its warmth, durability and beauty. Mohair fiber is also found in carpets, wall fabrics, craft yarns, and many other fabrics, and may be used as a substitute for fur. Mohair is also valued for certain other unique characteristics: it is warmer than other fibers, even when used to make a light-weight garment, and is often blended with wool for this reason; and mohair fibers have a distinctive luster created by the way they reflect light. Mohair is the fiber of the Angora goat. Mohair fiber is also found in carpets, wall fabrics, craft yarns, and many other fabrics, and may be used as a substitute for fur. Is it the hair of a Mo? 14% Mohair / 86% Wool. Mohair is rated as one of the world's most durable fibers. This realistic approach to a more urban environment is satisfied by consumers searching for “au natural” fabrics with super-synthetic blends. Are you on the fence about using mohair on your reborn doll? Mohair is on its way out at some of the world’s biggest international clothing companies. Because natural mohair fibers are quite costly, most mohair textiles are made with a blend of different textile fibers. Mohair has the natural property of being highly resilient & therefore lends itself to shedding wrinkles, when properly fabricated. In blends with wool, finer grades of mohair are used to produce lightweight (tropical) suiting. The fiber is typically only used for decorative items and incorporated with other fibers, as angora is very expensive. Adult Angora goats are typically shorn twice a year in the aforementioned major production countries providing 2–2.5 kg of mohair per goat (Mohair South Africa, 2017). Ringlet type goats are often referred to as the C Type, while B Type is used to designate those with a flat mohair lock. The Angora goat is a single-coat breed, and unlike pygora or cashmere, there is no need to dehair a mohair fleece to separate the coarse hair from the down hair. However, you can do so much more with mohair than wear it! Mohair from older goats is thicker with a larger circumference, making it ideal for use in the construction of rugs. The new open lightweight construction recently developed in the woolen carded system to result in light airy, drapery fabrics for sportswear. Mohair yarns & fabrics have an outstanding luster and shine. Features: Material: 70% Kid Mohair; 30% Silk; Knitting Weight: 0 Lace; Hair fibers from the Angora goat. DESCRIPTION: This auction is for a 16" tall fully jointed mohair teddy bear in "displayed" condition. WEB DEFINITIONS: 3. You’ll likely find it fades and bleeds in a machine wash more readily than cotton, which is why it is best to handwash mohair hats. Mohair is often used in dresses, suits, baby clothes, sweaters, and scarves. Create. See more. The mohair is used in a carpet allowing the skier an appropriate ascension method without sliding downhill. Mohair (pronounced /ˈmoʊhɛər/) is a fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat (not to be confused with the Angora rabbit, which produces Angora wool). The processing of mohair is similar to that of wool, although the terminology might differ in some cases. This textile is also used to make socks, scarves, and suits. Mohair fabric is luxuriously lightweight staying cool in summer and warm in winter. Metal-complex dyes (also called premetallised dyes) may be broadly divided into two classes: 1:1 metal complexes and 1:2 metal complexes. It is often used for detailing in intricate sock patterns. It offers infinite fabric structure since it can be used as single or mixed. Combined with mohair's ability to absorb dyes exceptionally well, pure mohair yarns are usually recognizable for their vivid saturated colours. Large quantities of mohair usually require more time than small quantities. Good mohair can be balled into your fist, released, and smoothed back out perfectly with barely any effort. [1] In 1849, Angora goats made their way to America as a gift from Turkey. Mobility. Christina Carl, also from Perry County, came on board with the Angora goat business to help Cauffman with marketing the mohair. So, since Mohair & Alpaca are typically used in smaller throws and cost much more, the conclusion is pretty much the same and leads us back to Merino as the warmest material. [citation needed] Wool fibers are generally shorter, thicker and has more pronounced scales whereas hair is generally longer fibres, finer and has less pronounced scales. [1] Thus, mohair does not feel the same way common or standard wool does. Mohair singles typically are softer and loftier than plied yarns. In this instance, mohair refers to a form of denim-like canvas. With excellent insulating properties and wicking capabilities, mohair is suitable for year 'round usage keeping one warm in the winter and cool in the summer. This type of brush can be found at most grocery stores and contains hard bristles typically used to remove lint from clothes. . The major sources of mohair are the United States, Turkey and South Africa. in mohair). As of 2009, world output of mohair was estimated at around 5,000 tonnes a year, down from a high of 25,000 tonnes in the 1990s. The mohair fiber has a high affinity for dyes. Yearling: Fine in texture but a little more course than kid and usually having a larger wave pattern. The Yorkshire mills spun yarn that was exported to Russia, Germany, Austria, etc., as well as woven directly in Yorkshire.[1]. : 239. Mohair takes dye exceptionally well. Angora goats produce around 3-8kg of mohair per year and are typically shorn twice a year. Silk: While a suit of 100% silk is often prohibitively expensive, finding a suit with some silk in its fabrication will lend it a beautiful sheen and a lightweight feel. South African mohair is generally exported raw or semi-processed to textile makers in Europe, the UK and the Far East. Luxurious mohair, typically used in the fall and winter, is being redefined and revolutionized into finer gauge yarns for spring and summer. [3] Due to animal cruelty in the South African farms, Zara, H&M, Gap, Topshop, Lacoste, and many more[4] will no longer sell mohair clothing. Mohair has the capability of being dyed to very bright shades while retaining its natural luster. ... Donegal tweed suit in Moonraker, which is designed for more of a hunting purpose than a social purpose, and the brown mohair-blend suit in Quantum of Solace, which is somewhere between a business suit and a social suit. This had a shiny, color changing appearance and was popular among rude boys and the mod subculture. You may recognize the word but be unfamiliar with how it’s actually obtained, but be warned: As with all animal-derived textiles, the production of mohair garments involves suffering and slaughter. ... -typically produces a premium price on the market -used in finer, worsted fabrics and choice scarves. Modal. Brush the mohair fabric using a hard clothes brush. This is the sweet spot for mohair blends. 2330 [107th] - Amendments: Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002", Oklahoma State University, Breeds of Livestock - Angora goats, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mohair&oldid=991699494, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 11:01. Mohair is divided into three quality categories: End-uses include sweaters, coats, suits, and scarves. When many people think of mohair, their minds immediately go to sweaters, scarves and other clothing items that you might typically see made of mohair or other wools. ‘They were made from wool and mohair, and were beautifully soft and even more importantly hard wearing.’ ‘‘This spinning wheel is a little darling,’ she added, deftly teasing out a skein of deep bluey green yarn - a luxury mixture of mohair, merino and silk.’ Adult mohair is most likely to have a loose/straight wave pattern and is great for toddler hair. This type of brush can be found at most grocery stores and contains hard bristles typically used to remove lint from clothes. [7] Similar suits were worn by mod revivalists, skinheads, and fans of ska punk and two tone music during the early to mid-1980s.[8][9]. The Benefits of Wool Certainly, while mohair – typically from South Africa, but also sourced from the US and Turkey – offers all sorts of benefits perhaps only expected of the kind of material concocted in a lab, it also has a certain look to it. These are mixed yarns, which typically will consist of mohair, silk, wool and polyamide. The Angora breed originated in what is now Turkey. Despite being relatively lightweight, it has good insulation to keep you warm. Commonly found in blended yarns, mohair provides durability, elasticity, and a fuzzy texture that adds a soft halo to any project. Brush the mohair fabric using a hard clothes brush. Typically Ships In: 1-3 Days. The hair is then processed to remove natural grease, dirt and vegetable matter. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Charles V is believed to be the first to bring Angora goats to Europe. See more ideas about lovely sweater, mohair … Because it is flame resistant and has high absorption it can be used for decorative fabric production. The Angora goat is thought to originate from the mountains of Tibet, reaching Turkey in the 16th century. An angora goat typically produces five to eight kilos of mohair … Wool can be very similar in composition, as it is made of the same keratin protein. Worsted wool is typically used for suits, skirts, blazers, jackets as it's a hardy, smooth, long-wearing manufactured yarn ; Flannel is perfect for warm, comfy pajamas or a shirt as it's soft, warm and fuzzy; Corduroy with its raised and ribbed texture is ideal for casual pants, long-sleeved shirts and jackets What Is the Difference Between Angora Wool and Mohair The main difference between mohair and Angora is Angora wool comes from the Angora rabbit, while mohair wool comes from the Angora goat. [1] Mohair Velvets are Common Velvets have always been very popular interior fabrics and mohair is one of the most popular fibers for high-end velvets. Mohair is soft, silky yarn made from the hair of an Angora Goat. The word "mohair" was adopted into English sometime before 1570 from the Arabic: mukhayyar,[6] a type of haircloth, literally "choice", from khayyara, "he chose". Knitters will typically find mohair in black, grey, and navy hues as standard. Question Which field in a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) header provides the next expected segment? Mohair is used in scarves, winter hats, suits, sweaters, coats, socks and home furnishing. Jan 10, 2018 - Old enough to remember my mom and aunts wearing these lovely sweaters, usually cardigan and with cables but other styles as well and often made in Italy back then. Kid mohair is used for making socks, and older adult mohair would usually be limited to home furnishings such as rugs. … Low twist allows light to bounce off more fiber surfaces, producing a rich, glowing halo effect. However, fabric made of mohair was known in England as early as the 8th century. The term mohair is sometimes used to describe a type of material used for the folding roof on convertible cars. Search. The growing demand for mohair further resulted in attempts on a commercial scale to introduce the goat into South Africa (where it was crossed with the native goat) in 1838, the United States in 1849, Australia from 1856 to 1875, and later still New Zealand. Sequence number Data offset Checksum Acknowledgement number 7. Mohair is used in knitted sweaters, upholstery pile fabrics, summer apparel, linings, coats, and imitation furs. The long, lustrous hair from the Angora goat, renowned for its durability and strength. Silk is typically combined with… Mohair is a very strong fiber and has good affinity to dyes, producing colors that are clear and vibrant. Choosing a warm outdoor blanket. Blending the heavily scaled wool helps the smooth mohair fibers hold their shape and stick together when spun into yarn. However, the outer layer of the mohair has scales that are flat which allows for the surface of the mohair to be unbelievably smooth to the touch. Brush in the same direction as the nap of the mohair. English Riding Velvet CL Midnight Velvet Upholstery Fabric by Ralph Lauren. EVOH is used in multilayer films for packaging as a barrier layer (barrier plastic). A single Angora goat can produce as much as 18 pounds of mohair annually. Both durable and resilient, mohair is notable for its high luster and sheen,[1] and is often used in fiber blends to add these qualities to a textile. Ideal yarn choice for shawls, scarfs, wraps and other delicate wearables. Adult: Can vary from fine to course. Mohair fiber is very strong and has a superior affinity for dyes. Remove the mohair and fill the tub with hot water. Now that we know what mohair is, the next question is how it is used. Features: Material: 70% Kid Mohair; 30% Silk; Knitting Weight: 0 Lace; [13] Nevertheless, the U.S. government continued to provide subsidies to mohair producers until 1995, when the subsidies were "eliminated effective with the marketing year ending December 31, 1995". Mohair is rated as one of the world's most durable fibers. Because its texture resembles fine human hair, mohair is often used in making high grade doll wigs or in rooting customized dolls. Mohair is one of the oldest known natural fibers used in textiles. Worried that domestic producers could not supply enough for future wars, Congress enacted loan and price support programs for wool and mohair in the National Wool Act of 1954 as part of the 1954 Farm Bill. Mohair is similar to wool, although it does possess other unique properties not found in any other type of fiber. Image via Wovember. See more ideas about mohair, mohair sweater, sweaters. While it has scales like wool, the scales are not fully developed, merely indicated. As EVOH is hygroscopic (water-attracting), it absorbs water from the environment, whereby it loses its barrier effect. Ideal yarn choice for shawls, scarfs, wraps and other delicate wearables. [10] Prices for adult mohair declined in 2010 while prices for kid mohair remained the same. Mohair: Sheared from the angora goat, mohair is a lustrous but durable wool that drapes well and is often woven into a plain weave. Shearing is done twice a year, in the spring and in the fall. Especially in tricot production, it is quietly in demand. Required Cookies & Technologies. It is considered a luxury fiber, like cashmere, angora, and silk, and can be more expensive than most sheep's wool. South Africa is the world's largest mohair producer as of 2013, supplying around 50% of the total world production. [11], During World War II, U.S. soldiers wore uniforms made of wool. Mohair is known for its resiliency and luster. In addition to clothing, mohair is used to make pillows, blankets, upholstery, carpets, and stuffed animals. Quality mohair comes in two basic styles - spiral-shaped and flat wavy locks - and is typically sold in three grades: fine, medium and strong. However, you can do so much more with mohair than wear it! It makes for a great spring suit. The guard hair is on the outside of the animal and typically used for rain protection; it’s thicker and coarser than the undercoat whose fine hair is used to keep the animal warm. Mohair is the fibre from the Angora goat, and it is known for its sheen, making it appropriate for more formal garments such as suits and dinner suits. Mohair yarn - Characteristics and features. Typically Ships In: 7 - 10 Days. Mohair looks and feels pretty good, but what is it? Woven mohair fabrics, frequently in pile form, are used for a variety of garments, including outerwear, summer-weight suits, and dresses, and mohair fibre is also used to manufacture knitted goods and knitting yarns. The following terminology is widely used in the industry: The use of Lycra or other elastomeric fiber in conjunction with mohair yarns to create a fabric that moves with the body and adds a high level of comfort to garments that have a body-hugging silhouette. Advantages of Using Mohair on a Reborn Doll. The grade is determined largely by the age of the Angora goat. Mohair fiber is approximately 25–45 microns in diameter. Luster is a prime quality of mohair and you can enhance that natural luster by using a low twist in both worsted and woolen yarns. (From Jackets to Coats). Mohair is composed mostly of keratin, a protein found in the hair, wool, horns and skin of all mammals, but mohair's special properties are unique to the Angora goat. Mohair wool is not a typical and traditional yarn quality. During the 1960s, a blend of mohair and wool suiting fabric known as Tonik or Tonic was developed in England. Yarn: Spun thread used for knitting, weaving, or sewing. Today, South Africa is the largest mohair producer in the world, with the majority of South African mohair being produced in the Eastern Cape. Mohair grows in uniform locks. Because of this mohair has been used to make garments for kings, sultans and as part of the tabernacle in the bible. These fabrics are exceptionally luxurious and are typically very lightweight. [2] [17], The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad, "Lacoste Joins 340+ Brands in Banning Mohair After Shocking PETA Exposé", "H&M, Zara and others ban mohair products after animal cruelty investigation", "USDA Mohair Council of America Agreement", "NY Times: Public Interests; The Comeback Goats", "H.R. How Mohair Fabrics are Produced The long, silky hair of the angora goat is sheared twice each year. The strategic importance declined as well; the US military adopted uniforms made of synthetic fibers, such as dacron, and officially removed wool from the list of strategic materials in 1960. Due to the great demand for mohair fiber, throughout the 1800s there was a great deal of crossbreeding between Angora goats and common goats. It was exported (with some difficulty) to many countries from the 1840’s and this resulted in substantial mohair producing industries developing in South Africa and Texas (USA). Dupioni is a type of Indian silk suitable for men's shirts or women's dresses. English Riding Velvet CL Midnight Velvet Upholstery Fabric by Ralph Lauren. I sourced these from around the internet, I take no credit for the work. Mohair is used in scarves, winter hats, suits, sweaters, coats, socks and home furnishing. Like other types of wool, mohair wool is a highly popular fabric for sweaters, coats, hats, and other forms of insulative winter gear. This fabric is commonly used in a number of different types of garments, and it is also present in various home furnishings and other general textiles. Typically Ships In: 7 - 10 Days. A yarn or fabric made from this, typically mixed with wool is called a mohair sweater. Cottage industries in the area and mini-mill machines are used to make some of the products. 5. Keep the temperature of the water above 125° F to avoid formation of a scum that may be redeposited on the mohair. Animal Science 314 - Wool & Mohair Evaluation. Consisting of a protein fiber made from the hair of an angora goat, this particular type of wool is known for its supreme luster, sheen, durability and resilience. Lift out the bags or spin out the water. The dye molecule will be typically a monoazo structure containing additional groups such as hydroxyl, carboxyl or amino groups, which are capable of forming strong coordination complexes with transition metal ions. In the case of the ringlet type goat, the mohair is carried in tight ringlets throughout almost its entire length and represents the finest mohair produced. Other mohair clothing pieces such as hats, scarves, sweaters and handwarmers are created in various locations. A warranty deed is a transfer of title where the seller pledges to the buyer that the property is owned free and clear of all liens. It increases in diameter with the age of the goat, growing along with the animal. Mohair fabrics tend to be moisture resistant. Strands of mohair is typically 25-45 microns (form of measurement for wool) in diameter. Skip back to Top 12 picks table. It is often blended with other fibers for selected uses. According to some reports, South Africa produces over half of the world's mohair. Yarns with a higher mohair content will have greater halos— a soft aura of yarn around the core that provides a gentle cloud of color. The United States is the second-largest producer, with the majority of American mohair being produced in Texas. Lustring – (a glossy silk fabric, or a satin-weave fabric resembling it) Mackintosh – (cloth waterproofed with rubber) Mohair – (yarn or fabric made from the hair of the Angora goat, typically mixed with wool) Moleskin – (thick, strong cotton fabric with a shaved pile surface) Muslin – (lightweight cotton cloth in a plain weave) Because its texture resembles fine human hair, mohair is often used in making high grade doll wigs or in rooting customized dolls. ... Mohair is obtained from the Angora goat (sometimes confused with the angora yarn that comes from the angora rabbit). Mohair … Kid: Very fine mohair that is typically curly or has a small wave pattern. $22.95 $220.00. Specially developed yarns that are used specifically in sweater knits to bring out the crisp, brilliant characteristics of mohair with a clear finished surface. Luxurious mohair, typically used in the fall and winter, is being redefined and revolutionized into finer gauge yarns for spring and summer. Common uses include lenses, acrylic nails, paint, security barriers, medical devices, LCD screens, and furniture. Typically when James Bond is putting on a suit during the day, it’s for business. Turkey also produces good-quality mohair. Mohair definition, the coat or fleece of an Angora goat. Mohair is a type of fiber collected from Markhoz and Angora goats that is exceptionally soft, has a high luster, and is used worldwide in the textile and clothing industries.